Essex County, NJ

County

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2022 Population
853,374
0.0767% 1-year growth
US Senator
Bob Menendez
Democratic Party
US Senator
Cory Booker
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
37.6
0.529% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
15%
1.55% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$73,785
8.79% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$466,500
12.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
408,082
0.836% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Essex County, NJ had a population of 853k people with a median age of 37.6 and a median household income of $73,785. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Essex County, NJ grew from 852,720 to 853,374, a 0.0767% increase and its median household income grew from $67,826 to $73,785, a 8.79% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, NJ are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (36.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (28.5%), Other (Hispanic) (10.1%), White (Hispanic) (7%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.65%).

None of the households in Essex County, NJ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

86.5% of the residents in Essex County, NJ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Essex County, NJ are Rutgers University-Newark (3,712 degrees awarded in 2022), Seton Hall University (2,827 degrees), and New Jersey Institute of Technology (2,792 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Essex County, NJ was $466,500, and the homeownership rate was 44.7%.

Most people in Essex County, NJ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 33.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County, NJ was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Branch Brook Park in Newark, NJ.

Population & Diversity

Essex County, NJ is home to a population of 853k people, from which 86.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 28.7% of Essex County, NJ residents were born outside of the country (245k people).

In 2022, there were 1.29 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (313k people) in Essex County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 243k White (Non-Hispanic) and 86.5k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

86.5%
2022 Citizenship
86.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 86.5% of Essex County, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Essex County, NJ was 86.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, NJ
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    313k ± 2.31k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    243k ± 1.82k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    86.5k ± 4.02k
24%
Hispanic Population
205k people

In 2022, there were 1.29 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (313k people) in Essex County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 243k White (Non-Hispanic) and 86.5k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

24% of the people in Essex County, NJ are hispanic (205k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Essex County, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    273,669 ± 12,652 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    204,992 ± 10,992 people
  3. Mexico
    104,320 ± 7,885 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 273,669 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 204,992 and Mexico with 104,320.

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Foreign-Born Population

28.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
245k people
28.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
245k people

As of 2022, 28.7% of Essex County, NJ residents (245k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Essex County, NJ was 28.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Essex County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    5,186 ± 486
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,322 ± 644
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,615 ± 446

Essex County, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Essex County, NJ employs 408k people. The largest industries in Essex County, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (60,263 people), Educational Services (40,012 people), and Retail Trade (39,268 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($116,472), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($98,386), and Utilities ($97,333).

Males in New Jersey have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $77,965. The income inequality in New Jersey (measured using the Gini index) is 0.489, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

408k
2022 Value
± 5,789
0.836%
1 Year growth
± 1.95%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Essex County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.836%, from 405k employees to 408k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County, NJ, are Management Occupations (44,085 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (43,575 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (36,208 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County, NJ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

408k
2022 Value
± 5,789
0.836%
1 Year growth
± 1.95%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Essex County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.836%, from 405k employees to 408k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (60,263 people), Educational Services (40,012 people), and Retail Trade (39,268 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Essex County, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$54,517
Median earning men ± $1,372
$41,874
Median earning women ± $782

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($122,394), Information ($94,659), and Public Administration ($79,919).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($91,393), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($74,205), and Public Administration ($63,182).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Y-Axis
2.27%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.24M people employed in New Jersey. This represents a 2.27% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 16.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Jersey.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 10,080
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 4,092
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 3,875
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Essex County, NJ went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 77.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (21.9%), followed by Other (0.498%).

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing the state of New Jersey. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Jersey

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Bob Menendez
Senator from New Jersey1
Assumed office on January 17, 2006
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Jon Corzine, who was elected Governor of New Jersey.
Cory Booker
Senator from New Jersey2
Assumed office on October 31, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Jeffrey Chiesa, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Frank Lautenberg.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing New Jersey.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Jersey over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Jersey

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Jersey have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Essex County, NJ awarded 12,382 degrees. The student population of Essex County, NJ in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 23,209 male students and 21,823 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Essex County, NJ are White (3,914 and 35.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,525 and 22.9%), Black or African American (1,972 and 17.9%), and Asian (1,630 and 14.8%).

The largest universities in Essex County, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Rutgers University-Newark (3,712 and 30%), Seton Hall University (2,827 and 22.8%), and New Jersey Institute of Technology (2,792 and 22.5%).

The most popular majors in Essex County, NJ are General Business Administration & Management (990 and 8%), General Biological Sciences (600 and 4.85%), and General Finance (529 and 4.27%).

The median tuition costs in Essex County, NJ are $33,315 for private four year colleges, and $14,049 and $31,129 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Essex County, NJ, the percentage of applicants admitted was 72.2%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 10.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 45,032 (51.5% men and 48.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 45,032 students enrolled in Essex County, NJ, 51.5% men and 48.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 12,658 records, of which 45.3% were women and 54.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 554 degrees awarded
  2. 508 degrees awarded
  3. 421 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Essex County, NJ was General Biological Sciences with 554 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Essex County, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,712 degrees awarded
  2. 2,827 degrees awarded
  3. 2,792 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rutgers University-Newark with 3,712 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 6,226 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Essex County, NJ, which is 1.01 times more than the 6,156 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 3,914 degrees mean that there were 1.55 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,525 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($33,315) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,031) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,400) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Measure

In 2022, 1.15% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.13% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.92M), Bachelors Degree (1.77M), and Some college (1.3M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Essex County, NJ was $466,500 in 2022, which is 1.65 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $414,000 to $466,500, a 12.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Essex County, NJ is 44.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Essex County, NJ have an average commute time of 33.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Essex County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Essex County, NJ is $73,785. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Essex County, NJ was Census Tract 162 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 190 and Census Tract 194, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

In 2022, 27.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Essex County, NJ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.1%.

Property

$466,500
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,655
$139,811
Median Property Taxes
±$2,683

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Essex County, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

44.7%
Homeownership
2022
60.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 44.7% of the housing units in Essex County, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 44.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Essex County, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 162
  2. Census Tract 190
  3. Census Tract 194

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County, NJ was Census Tract 162 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 190 and Census Tract 194, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Essex County, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$73,785
Median Household Income
± $1,477
313k
Number of Households
± 4,923

In 2022, the median household income of the 313k households in Essex County, NJ grew to $73,785 from the previous year's value of $67,826.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Essex County, NJ is from New Jersey.
0.489
2022 Wage GINI in New Jersey
0.49
2021 Wage GINI in New Jersey

In 2022, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.489 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (55.7%)
  2. Public Transit (17%)
  3. Worked At Home (12.6%)

In 2022, 55.7% of workers in Essex County, NJ drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (17%) and those who worked at home (12.6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

33.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County, NJ have a longer commute time (33.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 5.68% of the workforce in Essex County, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County, NJ have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 27.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Essex County, NJ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

15% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County, NJ (125k out of 833k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County, NJ is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 18.4% of the children was living in poverty in Essex County, NJ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 6.4%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 606 in Essex County, NJ. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 69.3 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

88.5% of the population of Essex County, NJ has health coverage, with 47.3% on employee plans, 21.7% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 9.02% on non-group plans, and 0.433% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NJ see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.254% increase from the previous year (1181 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1059 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 414 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.2% were men and 52.8% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,184 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Essex County, NJ

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NJ see an average of 1,184 patients per year. This represents a 0.254% increase from the previous year (1,181 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, NJ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.3% under 18 years, 21.4% between 18 and 34 years, 39.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.2% were men and 52.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.5%
Uninsured
47.3%
Employer Coverage
21.7%
Medicaid
10.1%
Medicare
9.02%
Non-Group
0.433%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Essex County, NJ declined by 0.387% from 11.6% to 11.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 42.8 in Essex County, NJ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, NJ.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 30% in Essex County, NJ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, NJ.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 12% in Essex County, NJ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, NJ.

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